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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2575\margr4267\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2575\margrsxn4267\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li691\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx5138 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 SOURCES : MILITARY ORGANISATION{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-23 15\i 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri10\sb228\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex102\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 >t, but happily It   is \i\sub f\nosupersub  \i0 still   preserved   in   the  form}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri12\sb5\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex102\expndtw5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 quotations by later writers.   Kautilya  or Canakya,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri14\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex102\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 reputed to have been the minister of Candragupta.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri10\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex102\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 is  production.,  the \i Arthasdstra, \i0 is a  comprehensive}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex102\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 mpendium   on   polity   and   statecraft, and it would}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri14\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex102\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 ;rhaps be no overestimate of its  value to  say that.,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri7\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex102\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 ;spite its theoretical character it is a unique work in}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri3250\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex102\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 rly Indian literature.\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li17\fi1886\ri1766\sb89\sa0\sl-439\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 Administration \expndtw-2 'ilitary organisation}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li10\fi252\ri2\sb137\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex102\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Candragupta had inherited a vast army from his \expndtw11 edecessors, but he further raised its strength to \expndtw-3\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 0,000 infantry, 30,000 horse, 9,000 elephants, besides \expndtw9\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 out 8,000 chariots. This formidable force was \expndtw8 iciently maintained by a war-office, consisting of \expndtw6 irty members, divided into six boards of five each, \expndtw2 ae several departments assigned to them were as fol-\expndtw-6 ws :}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li269\fi0\ri0\sb125\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tqr\tx2148\tx2258 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex102\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Board No.    I{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw13 ..{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-3 Admiralty.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li497\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tqr\tx2148\tx2258 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex102\expndtw10\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 \'84\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0      No.  II{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw13 ..{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw2 Transport, commissariat, and}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2549\fi0\ri0\sb5\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 army service.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li504\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tqr\tx2148\tx2258 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex102\expndtw9\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 \'84\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0      No. Ill{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw12 ..{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw0 Infantry.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li7\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tqr\tx2148\tx2258 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex102\expndtw10\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 \\     \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'84\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0      \i0 No. IV{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw14 ..{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-6 Cavalry.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li506\fi0\ri0\sb5\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tqr\tx2148\tx2258 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex102\expndtw3\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 \'84\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0      No.   V{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw13 ..{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-3 Chariots.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li504\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tqr\tx2148\tx2258 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex102\expndtw7\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 \'84\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0      No. VI{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw16 ..{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-1 Elephants.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li2\fi0\ri22\sb118\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex102\expndtw-1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 he last four represented the traditional divisions of an \expndtw10 idian army, \i vi^ Patti \i0 or \i Padati, Aha, Ratfia, \i0 and \expndtw5 kr//, which were, according to Kautilya, under their}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi185\ri14\sb276\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1\nosupersub  It is sometimes argued that the \i Arthatastra \i0 is a late work of \expndtw7 e third century A.D., and belongs to the school founded by \expndtw8 inakya. Dr. Raychaudhuri believes that though "a compara\-\expndtw6 bly late work," the \i Arihasastra \i0 ''probably existed before the \expndtw5 :ond century A.D." \i (Pol.Hist. Anc. Ind.\sub 9\nosupersub  \i0 4th ed., p. 226).}\par }